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Dinka (Thuɔŋjäŋ) - UniLang

Dinka (Thuɔŋjäŋ)

vijayjohn
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Dinka (Thuɔŋjäŋ)

Postby vijayjohn » 2014-07-13, 7:30

Dinka, apparently known by its speakers as Thuɔŋjäŋ [t̪uɔŋɟa̤ŋ], is a Nilotic language (dialect cluster) spoken in South Sudan. I've secretly been thinking of trying to learn this language for a while now (several months at least), and now, at last, I'd like to start actually doing it.

For now, I'm just starting out with what I can find on Wikipedia and Omniglot about the phonology. I also used this to learn that kudual means 'hello' (I'd actually noticed that before, because I'd seen this website before when I was looking for that); today, I also learned that the word for 'greetings' is apparently muɔth. I think I'll use that website some more (starting with that page). Not sure yet how much success I'll have with finding resources for this language, although hopefully, at least it shouldn't be as bad as it is for certain Papuan languages that I'm learning. :P :lol:

Finally, I used this video along with this link so that I could listen to the names of some colors in Dinka and guess how they were spelled in the orthography before checking what the link said. This link doesn't have the first word the guy in the video mentions for 'red' (or what sounded like "marron" for 'brown', heheh), but it's still useful for figuring out how the spelling corresponds to the pronunciation for some of the words. I suspect dialect variation may also come into play here (the dialect in this video is probably not the same as the one used in that link):
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0XMmNfismek

vijayjohn
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Re: Dinka (Thuɔŋjäŋ)

Postby vijayjohn » 2014-08-15, 8:43

Veeeery short Dinka lesson today

So I'd already learned:

hi = kudual
and
greetings = muɔth

A few more expressions listed there:

good morning = cï yï ruɔn (bäk)
good afternoon = cï yï thɛi
good night = wɛɛr lɔyum

EDIT: OK, one more phrase:

I greet you = yïn ca muɔɔth (mäthë)

vijayjohn
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Re: Dinka (Thuɔŋjäŋ)

Postby vijayjohn » 2014-11-22, 9:07

And this time, I'll just include 2-3 more Dinka expressions :lol:

welcome (apparently this is a noun?) = luɔɔr (cööl)
goodbye until next time = ok bë rɔm/wuɔk bë yök

vijayjohn
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Re: Dinka (Thuɔŋjäŋ)

Postby vijayjohn » 2014-11-23, 0:34

I think I should post this on the Nilo-Saharan languages thread, too, but I'll post it here first. It's a paper from SIL (in PDF format) on the Dinka spelling system:

http://www.sil.org/system/files/reapdat ... 04_003.pdf

I think this will end up being a pretty useful paper for my purposes. :D I look forward to reading it!

vijayjohn
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Re: Dinka (Thuɔŋjäŋ)

Postby vijayjohn » 2014-11-24, 9:00

Two more expressions:

How are you? = Ye këdë/Looi ye dï/Looi adï kennë yïn?
Fine, thanks, and how are you? = Acïn kë rac, alɛɛc, ku looi adï?

Also, I looked through that paper, and it has some interesting stuff in it that I guess could help. For example, it seems there are really three vowel lengths in Dinka, not two, because in addition to short and long vowels, there are also extra-short vowels. So for example, Bòl ámòc means 'he/she is shooting Bol' (Bol is presumably a personal name), but if the last syllable of that sentence has an extra-short vowel, then it means 'you are shooting Bol'! It seems, unfortunately, that we can't really tell what tone a word has based on its representation in the orthography.


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