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CATALÀ (2nd. Edition) - UniLang

CATALÀ (2nd. Edition)

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CATALÀ (2nd. Edition)

Postby pa-integral » 2003-10-27, 11:39

C a t a l a n C o u r s e - 2 n d E d i t i o n


Image


Welcome to the new Catalan course. It will start next weekend 01-02. This course is dedicated to those who want to learn the language from the beggining.

A Catalan Course can be also found at: http://cat.unilang3.org/
The plan version of this course: http://campingriells.tripod.com/
The dictionary (still under construction): http://www.unilang.com/dict.php[/img]
Last edited by pa-integral on 2003-11-14, 12:31, edited 1 time in total.

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Postby pa-integral » 2003-11-01, 19:40

>> LESSON 1 / LLIÇÓ 1: The article / L'article


In Catalan, we've got three articles to determinate things:

EL --> It is used for the masculine words. Its plural is ELS
Example: El noi / Els nois (The boy / The boys)

LA --> It is used for the feminine words. Its plural is LES
Example: La noia / Les noies (The girl / The girls)

L' --> It is used for those words which begin with a vowel. The plural form is ELS or LES, whether it is feminine or masculine.
Example: L'ombra / Les ombres (The shadow / The shadows)


Then, there are also the undefined words, which would be the same as 'A' in English (Sp. (un/una), Fr. (un/une), Pr. (um/uma)):

UN --> For masculine words. Its plural is UNS.
Example: Un noi / Uns nois (A boy / Some boys)

UNA --> For feminine words. Its plural is UNES.
Example: Una noia / Unes noies (A girl / Some girls)

There is not apostroph form for this article.

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Postby pa-integral » 2003-11-01, 19:50

EXERCICI 1: Write the article of the following words (gender is indicated in brackets):

1. Ampolla (f)
2. Globus (m)
3. Hora (f)
4. Cavall (m)
5. Aigua (f)
6. Riu (m)
7. Ungla (f)
8. Aixella (f)
9. Muntanya (f)
10. Ciutat (f)

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Resposta

Postby Strigo » 2003-11-01, 20:23

L'ampolla - una ampolla
El globus - un globus
L'hora - una hora
El cavall - un cavall
L'aigua - una aigua
El riu - un riu
L'ungla - una ungla
L'aixella - una aixella
La muntanya - una muntanya
La ciutat - una ciutat


What is the meaning of these words?

Fins ara! :D
Aquí es donde traduzco diariamente música israelí del hebreo al español

[flag]cl[/flag] native; [flag]en[/flag] fluent; [flag]il[/flag] lower advanced ; [flag]pt-BR[/flag] read fluently, understand well, speak not so badly (specially after some Itaipava); recently focusing on [flag]sv[/flag][flag]ar[/flag] and I promised myself to finish my [flag]ru[/flag] New Penguin Russian Course: A Complete Course for Beginners in less than a month (12/oct/2013). Wants to wake up one day speaking [flag]ka[/flag][flag]lt[/flag] and any Turkic language.

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Re: Resposta

Postby pa-integral » 2003-11-01, 23:04

L'ampolla THE BOTTLE
El globus THE GLOBUS
L'hora THE HOUR
El cavall THE HORSE
L'aigua THE WATER
El riu THE RIVER
L'ungla THE NAIL
L'aixella THE ARMPIT
La muntanya THE MOUNTAIN
La ciutat THE CITY


I'm afraid this course doesn't last as long as the first one did ;)

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Postby Zoroa » 2003-11-03, 13:07

1. L'Ampolla (f)
2. El Globus (m)
3. L'Hora (f)
4. El Cavall (m)
5. L'Aigua (f)
6. El Riu (m)
7. L'Ungla (f)
8. L'Aixella (f)
9. La Muntanya (f)
10. La Ciutat (f)

Zoroa ;)
Deviens qui tu es !
Nietzsche "Ainsi parlait Zarathoustra"

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Postby pa-integral » 2003-11-03, 14:42

>> LESSON 2/ LLIÇÓ 2: How to form a plural?


sing. / plural (example)

-E,-A / -ES (bata / bates)
-È, -É / -ENS (cinquè / cinquens)
-Ò, -Ó / -ONS (avió / avions)
-Ú / -UNS (oportú / oportuns)
-À / -ANS (replà / replans)
-Í / -INS (alpí / alpins)
-S / -SOS (gos - gossos) NOTE: this case often gets double S
-TX / -TXOS (esquitx - esquitxos)
-IX / -IXOS (peix - peixos)
-IG / -TJOS (desig - desitjos)
-[the rest of the consonants] / -[+S] (fred / freds)

Special endings

-ca / -ques (vaca - vaques)
-ga / -gues (amiga - amigues)
-qua / -qües (Pasqua - Pasqües)
-gua / -gües (aigua - aigües)
-tja / -tges (platja - platges)
-ça / -ces (caça - caces)

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Postby pa-integral » 2003-11-03, 14:46

EXERCICI 2: Put these words into plural:


1. Cuina (kitchen)
2. Rebedor (hall)
3. Jardí (garden)
4. Dormitori (bedroom)
5. Sala (room)
6. Garatge (garage)
7. Carrer (street)
8. Teulat (roof)
9. Habitació (room)
10. Passadís (passage)

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Postby pa-integral » 2003-11-03, 14:48

Strigo / Zoroa:

Your first exercices were okay ;) I guess it was easy...
As you both speak a Romance language (don't you?), I'll go faster than the first edition.

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Postby Zoroa » 2003-11-03, 14:58

1. Cuines (kitchen)
2. Rebedors (hall)
3. Jardins (garden)
4. Dormitoris (bedroom)
5. Sales (room)
6. Garatges (garage)
7. Carrers (street)
8. Teulats (roof)
9. Habitacions (room)
10. Passadíssos (passage)
Deviens qui tu es !

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Postby Strigo » 2003-11-03, 21:47

Exercici 2

1. Cuina - Cuines
2. Rebedor - Rebedors
3. Jardí - Jardins
4. Dormitori - Dormitoris
5. Sala - Sales
6. Garatge - Garatges
7. Carrer - Carrers
8. Teulat - Teulats
9. Habitació - Habitacions
10. Passadís - Passadíssos

* I once read in the first edition about "pais - païssos".
Aquí es donde traduzco diariamente música israelí del hebreo al español

[flag]cl[/flag] native; [flag]en[/flag] fluent; [flag]il[/flag] lower advanced ; [flag]pt-BR[/flag] read fluently, understand well, speak not so badly (specially after some Itaipava); recently focusing on [flag]sv[/flag][flag]ar[/flag] and I promised myself to finish my [flag]ru[/flag] New Penguin Russian Course: A Complete Course for Beginners in less than a month (12/oct/2013). Wants to wake up one day speaking [flag]ka[/flag][flag]lt[/flag] and any Turkic language.

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Postby pa-integral » 2003-11-03, 23:57

Both exercices were okay :)

Strigo wrote:10. Passadís - Passadíssos

* I once read in the first edition about "pais - païssos".

País - Països

You write 'ï' because of the diphtong... but we'll accentuation later.

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Exercici

Postby pa-integral » 2003-11-04, 0:17

EXERCICI 3: Translate this words into Catalan, using this dictionary.

1. The cherry
2. A fish
3. The water
4. Some cakes
5. The salt
6. A bread
7. The eggs
8. The sugar
9. A meat
10. The wine
11. Some kiwis
12. Some teas
13. The strawberries
14. The soups
15. The salmons
16. A salad
17. The cocos
18. An oil
19. Some melons
20. The lemon
Last edited by pa-integral on 2003-11-05, 22:00, edited 1 time in total.

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Postby Ozymandias » 2003-11-04, 1:19

Exercici 1:
1. l'ampolla
2. el globus
3. l'hora
4. el cavall
5. l'aigua
6. el riu
7. l'ungela
8. l'aixella
9. la muntunya
10. la ciutat

Exercici 2:
1. cuines
2. rebedors
3. jardins
4. dormitoris
5. sales
6. garatges
7. carrers
8. teutats
9. habitacions
10. passadissos

EXERCICI 3
1. The cherry - la cirera
2. A fish - un peix
3. The water - l'aigua
4. Some cake - uns pastissos
5. The salt - la sal
6. A bread - una pa
7. The eggs - els ous
8. The sugar - el sucre
9. A meat - una carn
10. The wine - la vi
11. Some kiwis - uns kiwis
12. Some teas - uns tes
13. The strawberries - les maduixes
14. The soups - les sopes
15. The salmons - els salmons
16. A salad - una amanida
17. The cocos - els cocos
18. An oil - un oli
19. Some melons - uns melons
20. The lemon - la llimona


Sorry for being late. :oops:
I made sure to not look at the corections, so I may have make a mistake with something that you already explained...

Your first exercices were okay I guess it was easy...
As you both speak a Romance language (don't you?), I'll go faster than the first edition.


I hope I don't cause a problem since I don't speak a Romance language natively. I know quite abit of French and a fair amount of Latin, so I'm not a complete newbie to the dialects of Modern Latin. :)


Ozy

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Resposta

Postby Strigo » 2003-11-04, 2:14

1. The cherry : La cirera
2. A fish : Un peix
3. The water : L'aigua
4. Some cake : Un pastís
5. The salt : La sal
6. A bread : Un pa
7. The eggs : Els ous
8. The sugar : El sucre
9. A meat : Una carn
10. The wine : El vi
11. Some kiwis : Uns kiwis
12. Some teas : Uns tes
13. The strawberries : Les maduixes
14. The soups : Les sopes
15. The salmons : Els salmons
16. A salad : Una almanida
17. The cocos : Els cocos
18. An oil : Un oli
19. Some melons : Uns melons
20. The lemon : La llimona


I'm so sorry Pa! I pressed edit instead of quote and I didn't realize! It's the second time today, I'm so sorry, I tried to fix it!.

Ah, I feel bad!

Sorry classmates and sorry teacher!

Carlos.
Aquí es donde traduzco diariamente música israelí del hebreo al español

[flag]cl[/flag] native; [flag]en[/flag] fluent; [flag]il[/flag] lower advanced ; [flag]pt-BR[/flag] read fluently, understand well, speak not so badly (specially after some Itaipava); recently focusing on [flag]sv[/flag][flag]ar[/flag] and I promised myself to finish my [flag]ru[/flag] New Penguin Russian Course: A Complete Course for Beginners in less than a month (12/oct/2013). Wants to wake up one day speaking [flag]ka[/flag][flag]lt[/flag] and any Turkic language.

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Postby Fenek » 2003-11-04, 9:45

Hmmm.... this seems to be a good occasion to retake the Catalan course. But I've just started learning Spanish and if I restart learning Catalan right now I'll end up mixing up these two languages :( So I'd better wait some more time. Anyway, thanks for the course, pa! ¡Fins ara! :)
I'd appreciate any corrections to my messages!
Vi sarò molto grato per ogni correzione!
Zelo vam bom hvaležen za popravke!
Aş fi recunoscător pentru orice corectare!
Bio bih vam veoma zahvalan na ispravkama!

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Postby Luís » 2003-11-04, 10:28

It seems the 2nd edition is getting popular as well ;)
Quot linguas calles, tot homines vales

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Postby pa-integral » 2003-11-04, 11:53

Ozymandias wrote:10. The wine - la vi

El vi (masculine)

Ozymandias wrote:Sorry for being late. :oops:
I made sure to not look at the corections, so I may have make a mistake with something that you already explained...

hope I don't cause a problem since I don't speak a Romance language natively. I know quite abit of French and a fair amount of Latin, so I'm not a complete newbie to the dialects of Modern Latin. :)

Don't worry, you only make one little mistake ;) It's not a problem your not being a Romance native... it will be like the first edition, where there were also non-Romance speakers.

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Re: Resposta

Postby pa-integral » 2003-11-04, 14:18

Strigo wrote:I'm so sorry Pa! I pressed edit instead of quote and I didn't realize! It's the second time today, I'm so sorry, I tried to fix it!.

Don't worry :) It's understandable anyway :D
Btw, your exercice was okay :)

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Postby pa-integral » 2003-11-04, 14:21

Fenek wrote:Hmmm.... this seems to be a good occasion to retake the Catalan course. But I've just started learning Spanish and if I restart learning Catalan right now I'll end up mixing up these two languages :( So I'd better wait some more time. Anyway, thanks for the course, pa! ¡Fins ara! :)

You can always start later whenever you want. I'm always here ;) There's also the under-construction course http://cat.unilang3.org/ which has got some 4 lessons, I'm still working on it........


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