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Right peripheral pronouns - UniLang

Right peripheral pronouns

cataphor
Posts: 53
Joined: 2013-03-06, 9:48
Real Name: Andreas
Gender: male
Country: DE Germany (Deutschland)

Right peripheral pronouns

Postby cataphor » 2013-08-08, 14:36

Dear native speakers of Korean,

I'm doing some research on a structure which is pretty common in the world's languages, and it looks like the example in (1) to (6) which is from some dialect of English:

(1) [Talking about some sort of potatoes] They cook fast, them.
(2) She's a liar, her.
(3) I payed him, me.
(4) That's great, that!
(5) We met Lisa at the train station, her.
(6) Mary talked to Peter last saturday night, to him.

What I'd like to know is whether Korean allows for a similiar construction. That is, do you - in colloquial conversation - place pronouns in the end of the sentence that correlate to some referent in the preceding clause? If so, I would be pleased if you could give an example. They don't need to fit the examples above regarding the content.

I would also like to know what form the pronoun takes. So, in (1) to (5), the pronouns at the end are all in accusative or "tonic" form. Moreover, if you change the role of the correlating element, e.g. make it an object, does the case of the pronoun change? The relevant examples would be (5), where the correlate is a direct object, and (6), where it is an indirect object.

Connected to this, how would the answers to the question in (7), (8), and (9) look like?

(7) Who wants some ice cream? --
(a) Me!
(b) Her!
(c) Him!
(d) Us!
(e) Them!

(8) Who did Mary see at the train station? --
(a) Me!
(b) Her!
(c) Him!
(d) Us!
(e) Them!

(9) Who did Peter give the money to? --
(a) To me!
(b) To her!
(c) To him!
(d) To us!
(e) To them!


I would be very happy if you could help me out with that. If you like, I could also acknowledge your contribution by naming you in the paper. For further questions, feel free to ask. You can also contact me under andrea06@uni-potsdam.de. Below, you can find a template for the answers since, I guess, it would be annoying to number them yourself.

Best regards,
Andreas Schmidt

(7)
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)

(8)
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)

(9)
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)

User avatar
Karavinka
Posts: 1875
Joined: 2004-04-24, 4:00
Real Name: Yongdeok Cho
Gender: male
Country: AT Austria (Österreich)

Re: Right peripheral pronouns

Postby Karavinka » 2014-03-20, 9:18

It's an old thread, but anyways... The answers cannot be given unless there is a context.

1. First person pronoun is okay to use in all situations.
2. Second person is not, unless you're really informal among friends of same age group or younger, and it's still context-sensitive. Periphrasing it with the third person is the norm - for example, when I talk to my parents, I use "mother" and "father" as pronouns, e.g. "Father gave (it) to mother" instead of "you gave it to her" even if I'm talking directly to them.
3. Same can be said to the third person. The language does not distinguish him/her, and in most circumstances the pronoun will be replaced by actual names or titles ("to Jake" instead of "him", "to professor" instead of "her", etc.)

Which means - attaching a pronoun at the end would be rare (if at all) in Korean. The referent is usually well distinguished by name or title itself, and the SOV word order often demands that the clause ends with the verb. It would be really awkward to hear something attached after the verb.
↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ ← → ← → B A


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