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Which cases do prepositions take? - UniLang

Which cases do prepositions take?

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jiback7
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Which cases do prepositions take?

Postby jiback7 » 2014-11-07, 19:00

привет!
I'm new to this forum and this language.

I've read there are some prepositions that can take multiple cases, like:
в + accusative or prepositional
на + accusative or prepositional
за + accusative or instrumental
с + genitive or instrumental
(etc.)

So if I want to use a preposition, does it matter which case I choose?
Does "в России" have a different meaning/usage from "в Россию"
If not, do I just flip a coin?

спасибо!

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Babelfish
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Re: Which cases do prepositions take?

Postby Babelfish » 2014-11-07, 19:35

It matters very much which case you choose 8-) You can find a detailed list here.
I'm not a native speaker, but from what I know, most prepositions which take more than one case are locative in nature and take the accusative and one other case. That other case is used for simply stating a location, while the accusative expresses motion to that location. So for example:
Ездить в Россию (acc.) = Travel to Russia
Ездить в России (prep.) = Travel in Russia
Кот спит под столом (inst.) = The cat is sleeping under the table
Кот бежат под стол (acc.) = The cat is running (to) under the table

(I hope my Russian sentences are correct...)
Native languages: Hebrew (he) & English (en)

מן המקום בו אנו צודקים לא יפרחו לעולם פרחים באביב (יהודה עמיחי)
From the place where we are in the right, flowers will never grow in the spring (Yhuda Amihay)

vijayjohn
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Re: Which cases do prepositions take?

Postby vijayjohn » 2014-11-07, 20:07

Yeah, I get the same impression. I think you use the accusative with the preposition when you're talking about motion towards something, and locative when you're talking about where something is. It's like German.

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linguoboy
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Re: Which cases do prepositions take?

Postby linguoboy » 2014-11-07, 21:06

vijayjohn wrote:It's like German.

(Which is of little use if you are unfamiliar with German, which jiback7 is.)
"Richmond is a real scholar; Owen just learns languages because he can't bear not to know what other people are saying."--Margaret Lattimore on her two sons

jiback7
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Re: Which cases do prepositions take?

Postby jiback7 » 2014-11-10, 22:20

Wow, thanks everybody. This is the answer I was looking for!


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