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grammar sentences - UniLang

grammar sentences

kman1
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grammar sentences

Postby kman1 » 2009-01-29, 23:43

I made the sentences below to get a feel of how different English tenses are expressed in Malay. Please check what I've written for accuracy and please explain the ones I got wrong or didn't know.

1. I speak Spanish.
2. I used to play video games.
3. I ate a cookie 5 min. ago.
4. Last year he was ill.
5. When his parents built the house, he was ill.
6. At the beginning of this year he has been ill, now he is fine again.
7. He had broken a leg, therefore he couldn't come to school.
8. I’m reading a book now.
9. I was working while she was studying.
10. I was eating there (- let's say lunch) until I got to know that there were cockroaches in the kitchen. Then I left (immediately).

11. I had been lying there for 3 hrs. before I fell asleep.
12. You will have been eating for 10 min. when I finish.
13. He wants me to go home now.
14. I would buy more food but I’m full now.
15. You are baptized now. ‘passive’
16. You were baptized for 5 min. ‘passive’
17. The city was destroyed by the fire ‘passive’
18. I had been baptized 3 times by 2001.
19. I will have been baptized 6 times by 2002.
20. If he paid me more, I would stay. (2 possibilities for ‘if he paid me more’)*
21. We would have built the house, if we had had the money.*


In my Malay translation, I for the most part only translated the verb portion of the sentences. that's the only part I'm concerned with. So remember when correcting what I wrote I only need the verbs not the whole sentence. (unless you feel translating the entire sentence would be better for everyone viewing the post)

- bercakap
- sudah bermain
- sudah makan
- dia sakit
- sedang membuat, dia sakit
- dia sakit, tetapi sekarang dia baik
- dia kakinya patah (tulang), tidak boleh pergi (isn’t ’dia’ optional?)
- saya sedang membaca
- sedang bekerja selagi/ketika dia sedang belajar
- sedang makan di sana, sehingga saya tahu bahawa ada lipas di dapur selepas saya pergi
- saya berbaring di sana ** sebelum saya tidur
- bila saya menyelesaikan, kamu pasti sudah makan **
- dia mahu saya pulang sekarang
- saya mahu saja membeli tetapi saya kenyang
- kamu sedang membaptiskan
- kamu membaptiskan untuk lima minit
- kota itu menghancurkan oleh api
- saya sudah membaptiskan tiga kali
- saya pasti sudah membaptiskan enam kali
- jika dia membayar saya lebih (lagi), saya pasti tinggal
- kalau kami cukup wang, kami pasti sudah membina rumah ini

** <- these asterisk marks indicates that I purposely left out that portion of the sentence since I know what it is already

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0stsee
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Re: grammar sentences

Postby 0stsee » 2009-02-13, 0:01

Halo!

1. Saya boléh bercakap Bahasa Spanyol
(Indonesian: Saya bisa bicara Bahasa Spanyol)

2. Saya dulu biasa bermain video games.

3. Saya baru saja makan kué lima menit lalu.

4. Tahun lalu dia sakit.

5. Waktu orangtuanya sedang membangun rumah, dia sakit.

6. Awal tahun ini dia sakit, tapi sekarang sudah baikan.

7. Dia kakinya patah tulang, oléh karena itu dia tidak boléh masuk sekolah.
(In Standard Indonesian we say "bisa" instead of "boléh")

8. Saya sedang membaca (buku).

9. Saya bekerja selagi dia (sedang) belajar.

10. Saya sedang makan di dapur. Waktu saya sadar bahwa ada banyak kecoak di situ saya langsung pergi.
(You could also say "kabur" which means more like "flee").

11. Saya sudah berbaring selama tiga jam sebelum saya tertidur.

12. Bila saya selesai, kamu pasti sudah makan selama sepuluh menit.

13. Dia mahu saya pulang sekarang.
(In Indonesian: "mau" instead of "mahu")

14. Saya mahu saja membeli makanan, tapi saya sudah kenyang (sekarang).

15. Kamu sudah dibaptis sekarang. (=You are baptized now.)
Kamu sedang dibaptis sekarang. (=You are being baptized now.)

16. Kamu dibaptis selama lima menit.

17. Kota itu dihancurkan oléh api.

18. Sampai tahun 2001 saya sudah dibaptis tiga kali.

19. Sampai tahun 2002 saya pasti sudah dibaptis enam kali.

20. Jika dia membayar lebih, saya pasti tinggal.
Kalau (saja) dia membayar lebih, saya pasti tinggal.

21. Kalau saja kami cukup uang, pasti kami sudah bangun rumah ini/itu.
Ini tandatanganku.

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0stsee
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Re: grammar sentences

Postby 0stsee » 2009-02-13, 0:04

And as for your question: Indonesian and Malay are very very very similar. I spoke to Malaysians and the level of mutual intelligibility has been as high as 98%.
Ini tandatanganku.

kman1
Posts: 1019
Joined: 2005-10-04, 0:16
Gender: male
Location: Honolulu
Country: US United States (United States)

Re: grammar sentences

Postby kman1 » 2009-02-13, 3:45

Thanks a bunch!! I thought they were similar but wasn't sure. I am now though. :)

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jerantutferry
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Re: grammar sentences

Postby jerantutferry » 2009-03-11, 13:44

kman1 wrote:Thanks a bunch!! I thought they were similar but wasn't sure. I am now though. :)


Standard Indonesian and Malaysian is very similar. The difference is that some words mean a totally different thing in the other language. When Malaysians and Indonesians get together we laugh at each other's choice of words! :lol:
Жерантутферрй

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bodolahman
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Country: MY Malaysia (Malaysia)

Re: grammar sentences

Postby bodolahman » 2010-05-13, 8:08

2. Saya pernah main video game. (Ostee punyer alihbahasa, hampir tepat 90% untuk no 2 ni)

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jerantutferry
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Re: grammar sentences

Postby jerantutferry » 2010-05-13, 14:05

With apologies to my Indonesian cousins, these are the Malaysian versions:

1.I speak Spanish.
Saya boleh bercakap/bertutur dalam Bahasa Sepanyol.

2.I used to play video games.
Saya pernah bermain permainan video.

3. I ate a cookie 5 min. ago.
Saya telah makan sebiji kuih/cookie/biskut lima minit lepas.

4. Last year he was ill.
Dia sakit pada tahun lepas.

5. When his parents built the house, he was ill.
Dia sakit/demam pada masa orang tuanya membina rumah itu.

6. At the beginning of this year he has been ill, now he is fine again.
Dia demam/sakit pada permulaan tahun ini, sekarang dia sudah pulih

7. He had broken a leg, therefore he couldn't come to school.
Sebelah kakinya telah patah, maka dia tidak dapat datang ke sekolah

8. I’m reading a book now.
Saya sedang membaca sebuah buku sekarang.

9. I was working while she was studying.
Saya bekerja semasa dia sedang mentelaah.

10. I was eating there (- let's say lunch) until I got to know that there were cockroaches in the kitchen. Then I left (immediately).
Saya sedang makan di situ sehingga saya tahu terdapat lipas di dapur. Saya beredar dengan segera.

Ok I'm just gonna do 10.
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