Hello!/ Greetings! (formal): नमस्कार [namaskāra]
osias wrote:is the national anthem in what language?
huhmzah wrote:osias wrote:is the national anthem in what language?
Tagore wrote it originally in a really really Sanskritized form of Bangla -- it was transliterated into Devnagri (Hindi) by the National Library pretty early on and is thus read/sung as per Hindi phonetics in India:
ex: Bangla Original:
জন গণ মন অধিনায়ক জয় হে...
Jon gon mon odhinayoko joy he..
Hindi transliteration and common pronunciation:
जन गण मन अधिनायक जय हे...
Jana gana mana adhinayaka jaya he..
Here is the national anthem in its normal Hindi form - it has captions in Hindi as well so you can follow along and see if you hear the schwa-ending.
Late, but those are Sanskrit words, not Hindi. Words that English did get from Hindi: rupee, thug, veranda, bungalow, pyjamas, khaki, loot, jungle.huhmzah wrote:This phonetic feature of Hindi is noted in the standard English spellings of several words of Hindi origin. Notice that even though the following Hindi words end in consonants, since they do not have a "virama" the English spelling reflects the inherent vowel with an "-a" ending:
1 ) गौतम बुद्ध - Gautama Buddha
2 ) धर्म - Dharma - Faith, Virtue
3 ) योग - Yoga - Meditation
4 ) कर्म - Karma - Destiny, Action
5 ) महाभारत - Mahabharata - Epic mythological battle
6 ) कृष्ण - Krishna - Hindu deity
7 ) शिव - Shiva - Hindu deity
8 ) मंत्र - Mantra - Chant
9 ) आयुर्वेद - Ayurveda - Traditional Indian medicine.
10 ) महाराष्ट्र - Maharashtra - One of India's largest states.
Notice even though they end with consonants, we do not say/write "yog" but "yoga" or "Buddh" but "Buddha" or "Mantr" but "Mantra" etc.
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