Conjugation of Bulgarian Verbs
Some of you know this already but once again, what you have to look out for is the present stem morpheme
. This is the morpheme at the end of the verb in 3rd person singular, Present Tense. According to that rule, verbs fall into 3 categories:I Conjugation: пише
пишатII Conjugation: мисли
мислятIII Conjugation: гледа, стреля
and to shoot
We have two variations here because the sound "я" is most frequently pronounced [ja] (a iotated vowel) and it ends in [a], so the different letter shouldn't distract you. It's the same conjugation.
Most of the verbs from III Conjugation end in -м in 1st person singular, Present Tense: стрелям (to shoot), искам (I want), рисувам (I draw), бягам (I run), but there are also exceptions like знам (I know) that falls into I Conjugation - знае (he/she/it knows).
melan wrote: Do all verbs on -я get и? Which is most common (and should I use if I'm not sure)?
I guess you mean the verbs in 1st person singular that end in -я. I went through quite a lot of verbs ending in -я in my mind and most of them do get an -и in 3rd person singular. But I found an exception: verbs that have a vowel preceding я. Like вея (I blow - for wind) , пея (I sing), беснея (I rave). There is a rule for sure but I don't know it. I just know that each conjugation has some subcategories I'm not familiar with. A very useful book would be "Практическа българска граматика" Петър Пашов ("Practical Bulgarian Grammar" by Petar Pashov). Unfortunately I don't have it with me here in Sofia. When I get home, I'll try to find it because it has answers to all the questions you ask, guys. Here
you can find a comprehensive list of grammars and reference books for South-Slavic languages.
But again, the verb form in 3rd person singular is the important one. Otherwise you may get really messed up.