hashi wrote:This sounds like an interesting and useful model. What I don't understand is how to decide what information goes into what field or prong. Could you show me how this breaks up using one of the sentences I used before?
Using Car's corrected versions:Ich will versuchen, auf Deutsch zu sprechen.
FF 1st 2nd EF
The middle field is empty in this example. All others have one element each.Können Sie mir sagen
1st MF 2nd
The model takes declarative sentences as its default. Imperative and interrogative sentences differ by having no front field; if a subject occurs, it appears at the beginning of the middle field.ob dieser Satz richtig ist? Wenn Sie antworten
Okay, sentences with subordinate word order complicate the model somewhat. If you don't mind, let's hold off on them until you've got the basic order down.können Sie es auch ins Englische übersetzen?
Here we have three elements in the middle field, starting with the object pronoun. As mentioned above, these come first because their information value is low. Next is a sentence adverb, which comes before the other adjunct for reasons of scope. (That is, ins Englische auch übersetzen
nonsensically suggests you were going to do something else to them as well.)Das Buch ist unter dem Stuhl.
I trust I don't need to gloss this one.Ich will das Buch in meiner Hand halten
FF 1st MF 2nd.Buch
is topicalised (as indicated by the definite article), so of the two elements in the middle field, it comes first.aber es ist unter dem Stuhl.
Coordinating conjunctions (aber
, and a couple others) essentially stand outside of the model since it's a clause model and their function is purely to link clauses without subordinating one to the other.
"Richmond is a real scholar; Owen just learns languages because he can't bear not to know what other people are saying."--Margaret Lattimore on her two sons